Gottlieb Zink of Shenandoah County, Virginia

Gottlieb Zin(c)k (born about 1730) married Barbara Funkhouser in Frederick (now Shenandoah) County, Virginia, about 1752 (see web page by Donn C. Neal). Barbara was the daughter of Jacob Funkhouser, who owned property on Funk's Mill Creek (now Tumbling Run). This is a study of the area where Gottlieb probably lived upon his arrival in Frederick County, VA. The area is near Tumbling Run, to the south west.

"...since the Funkhousers had lived in Frederick County since the 1730s, there can be little doubt that Gottlieb was present there by 1752 when we judge that he and Barbara were married. We know that Gottlieb Zinck was on a list of tithables for Frederick County in 1756 and 1760 both times with relatively small sums beside his name. Then, in 1764, he and Jacob Funkhouser are listed among those present at a sale at Sandy Hook, near Strasburg, where Tumbling Run empties into the Shenandoah River. In May of 1765 there is a reference to Gottlieb Zinck's "line" in another man's deed, but there is no evidence that he owned any property in the area specified in this deed: near the mouth of McNishes (now Pughs) Run just north of Woodstock, Virginia," - (quote from web page by Donn C. Neal).



Frederick County, VA Deed Book 10, p. 607 - 11 May 1765
[Mortgage] Between Benjamin Lemen [Layman] in the County of Frederick, Planter [to] Jacob Funkhouser of said place, Carpenter ... consideration of Twenty Pounds ... Tract of Land containing two Hundred Acres joining Godlib Sink toward the east & Philip Wisman towards the South west & Godfrey Willson towards the north west ...

Wit: Leonard Baltis                                                                                Benjamin (B) Lemen
Isaac Funkhouser
Simon Star

Recorded: 2 Oct. 1765


From the information above (abstract in book by Amelia C. Gilreath) and the tract maps presented here, it is clear that the tract mortgaged to Jacob Funkhouser was contained within the bounds of a tract of 471 acres sold by Benjamin Layman to Balsor Counts, who obtained a Fairfax grant for the tract on 1 September 1766 (Cecil O'Dell's book, "Pioneers of Old Frederick County Virginia", p. 401 states that Layman sold the 471 acre tract to Counts). Below is the list of tracts that adjoined the Balsor Counts 471 acre tract ( the names are spelled as they are in the abstracts of the grants from the Library of Virginia):

to the north - Frederick Parrett, 347 acres, granted 10 June 1767

to the north east - Charles Huddle, 201 acres, granted 8 June 1751 (in the original of the grant, only his last name is listed and the abstract gives only the year - however, in Shenandoah Co. Deed Book H, p. 464 we discover the balance of the information)

to the south east - John Lewis Selser, 528 acres, granted 2 September 1766

to the south west - Philip Weesman, 240 acres, granted 13 August 1766

also to the south west (north west of Weesman) - Frederick Woolford, 93 acres, granted 29 May 1777

to the north west - George and Godfry Wilkey, 400 acres, granted 11 September 1756

In addition, Leonard Baldis [Baltis], who signed as a witness to Jacob Funkhouser's mortgage, owned a tract in the vicinity, 435 acres granted on 27 January 1761. His tract adjoined Benjamin Layman's tract of 500 acres, granted 3 September 1766 (the Baldis tract was south of the Layman tract). Benjamin Layman's 500 acre tract adjoined John Lewis Selser's 528 acre tract (the Layman tract was south east of the Selser tract).

From the above information, it appears that Jacob Funkhouser occupied the south west portion of the 471 acre Counts tract and that Gottlieb Zink occupied at least part of the north east portion of the same tract. It is interesting to note that a David Funkhouser bought 120 acres of the Benjamin Layman 500 acre tract (Shenandoah Co. Deed Book E, p. 382 - 26 Oct. 1785). In addition, Benjamin Layman had a daughter named Barbara who married Christian Funkhouser. For each of the tracts mentioned above, further information from county deed books was examined, regarding subsequent owners of the land. In all of the grants and deeds examined in the area of the Balsor Counts 471 acre tract, Gottlieb is mentioned only in the abstract quoted above.

The identity of the Jacob Funkhouser who had land near Gottlieb Zink is under investigation, but is probably not Gottlieb's father-in-law.

Linked below are tract maps for the areas of McNishes Run and Toms Brook. There are 87 tracts of land plotted on the maps, with grant dates from 1750 to 1804. This is not an exhaustive study of the tracts granted in this area during the stated period. However, the majority of tracts are plotted. The data in the tables below should be used in conjunction with the maps for interpretation.

Complete Tract Map (lower resolution, tract boundaries only - 211 KB)

Tract Map of McNishes Run (high resolution, including topographic map background - 1.85 MB)

Tract Map of Toms Brook (high resolution, including topographic map background - 2.02 MB)

I welcome any comments and corrections to the maps and information presented here. You may contact me at the email address provided below.

Jeffrey La Favre
jlafavre@jcu.edu

Return to master page on Gottlieb Zink and George Brock

last updated August 21, 2008

 

 

Data to Accompany Tract Maps of McNishes Run ( Pughs Run ) and Toms Brook, Shenandoah County, Virginia
1750 - 1804

Name of Grantee

Map Label

Assignee of:

Acres

Warrant Date

Survey Date

Grant Date

Alldoerfer, Frederick

FA152

Jacob Rife, John Lewis

152

23 JAN 1764

2 AUG 1766

19 SEP 1770

Baldis, Leonard

LB435

Peter Rafure/Raffio

435

NW

29 MAR 1753

27 JAN 1761

Bauden, Runard (Borden)

RB400

 

400

  

 

5 NOV 1752

Baylis, Col. John

JB251

 

251

NW

29 SEP 1750

7 JUN 1765

Beck, Stephen

SB230

 

230

  

 

9 OCT 1770

Black, Peter

PB219

Joseph Reedingour

219

2 JUN 1762

4 JUN 1762

21 DEC 1778

Black, Peter

PB49

 

49

  

 

15 MAY 1775

Bowman, George

GB200

John Denton Sr. & Jr.
& Thomas Palmer

200

  

4 SEP 1750

4 APR 1755

Bowman, George

GB102

 

102 3/4

 

 

19 JAN 1755

Bozzerman, Frederick

FB136

George Weaver

136

NW

Prior survey
for Peter Stevens
Resurvey for
Geo. Weaver
15 JAN 1778

9 MAR 1779

Cap, Andreas

AC283

Philip Shaver/Shefer,
Jacob Rife

283

NW

Prior survey
for Peter Stevens
Resurvey
23 APR 1776

6 MAY 1779

Coughman, Isaac

IC154

Abraham Denton Sr.

154

30 OCT 1752

26 APR 1754

6 NOV 1769

Counts, Balsor

BC471

Benjamin Lehman

471

NW

20 NOV 1751

1 SEP 1766

Craybill, Christian

CC155

Andrew Yager

155

11 FEB 1769

15 APR 1769

21 MAR 1780

Creybill, John

JC205

 

205

 

 

14 JUN 1751

Crybiel, John

JC72

 

72

 

 

3 JAN 1752

Darlinger, Adam (Dartinger)

AD349

Lewis Tacket

349

8 MAR 1754

27 NOV 1760

15 AUG 1766

Denton, Abraham

AbD427

 

427

NW

1 MAY 1750

7 JAN 1761

Denton, Benjamin

BD191

 

191

NW

15 MAY 1751

20 MAR 1761

Denton, Benjamin

BD521

 

521

 

 

26 OCT 1751

Denton, Benjamin

BD138

John Moss

138

4 APR 1753

27 JUN 1754

18 MAR 1761

Denton, Capt. John

JD417

 

417

4 SEP 1750

22 OCT 1750

20 OCT 1750

Denton, John

JDsr945

 

945

4 SEP 1750

22 OCT 1750

20 JUN 1754

Funk, Adam

AF262

 

262

 

 

11 DEC 1751

Funk, Ann

AnF220

 

220

8 DEC 1749

17 MAR 1749/50

10 JUN 1751

Funk, John

JF160

 

160

NW

16 MAR 1753

15 JAN 1755

Funk, John Jr.

JF150

Barbara Funk,
John Funk Sr.

150

8 DEC 1749

20 NOV 1750

13 DEC 1751

Funk, Martin

MF270

 

270

 

 

14 DEC 1751

Gfeller, Adam

AG

 

36 3/4

30 OCT 1776

14 JAN 1778

6 APR 1779

Giveler, Christian

CG157

George Epler

157

NW

30 NOV 1773

2 MAR 1775

Hammon, George M.

GMH230

George Hoffman,
Caleb Odle

230

28 SEP 1751

28 MAR 1753

7 OCT 1768

Hanger, Peter

PH71

 

71

10 FEB 1762

11 JUN 1762

13 JAN 1763

Harrison, Burr Jr.

BH250

 

250

 

 

1 MAY 1754

Hockman, Christian

CHo262

 

262

for original
240 acres
8 DEC 1749

survey for 240 ac
15 MAR 1749/50
resurvey for
262 ac
10 OCT 1751

for 240 acres
10 SEP 1751
for 262 acres
27 MAY 1777

Hockman, Jacob

JaH230

Simon Dehart/Deheart

230

17 FEB 1752

23 APR 1752

21 OCT 1754

Hoyser, Henry

HHo198

 

198

23 DEC 1772

26 JAN 1773

2 OCT 1774

Huddle, Charles

CH346

 

346

NW

17 MAY 1751

2 AUG 1766

Huddle, Charles

CH400

James Denton

400

NW

1 MAR 1750

20 APR 1762

Huddle, Charles

CH201

 

201

 

 

8 JUN 1751

Huddle, Henry

HH31

 

31

 

 

23 JUL 1787

Huddle, John

JH51

 

51 1/2

 

 

6 JUN 1788

Huddle, John
(son of Charles Huddle)

JH16

 

16 1/2

31 JUL 1773

19 MAY 1778

5 APR 1779

Jordon, John

JJ30

 

30

 

 

27 DEC 1804

Keller, John

JK400

Henry Fravel,
John Morial/Morrah

400

2 MAR 1752

3 JAN 1754

22 JUL 1762

Kelp, John Adam

JAK230

 

230

NW

surveyed for
John Peter Kelp
3 JAN 1754

22 DEC 1762

Kelp, John William

JWK338

Peter Bowman

338

NW

23 NOV 1751

23 DEC 1762

Knibert, Christopher

CK218

 

218

 

 

21 OCT 1754

Layman, Benjamin

BL500

heirs of
John Baughman

500

NW

22 NOV 1751

3 SEP 1766

Little, Jonas

JL400

   

400

NW

18 DEC 1751

2 MAR 1763

Little, Mary, George & John

ML400

 

400

NW

23 APR 1750

31 JUL 1750

Mauk, John

JoM100

George Summerwalt/
Sumvolt/

100

25 JUN 1763

20 DEC ____

4 SEP 1769

Mauk, Peter

PM410

 

410

NW

14 APR 1755

3 AUG 1767

Miller, Christina

CM340

 

340

17 FEB 1751/52

surveyed for
Christian Miller,
son of Christina
Miller, heir of
Abraham Miller
29 APR 1752

2 JUL 1777

Miller, Jacob

JaM400

 

400

 

24 SEP 1751

2 APR 1752

Miller, Jacob

JaM300

Nehemiah Odell

300

NW

16 MAY 1753

2 JAN 1766

Miller, Jacob
(a portion of this survey
was granted to J. B. Reedy -
see his entry)

JaM(302)

 

302

 

27 NOV 1760

 

Palmer, Thomas

TP534

 

534

 

 

21 MAY 1751

Palmer, Thomas

TP500

 

500

 

 

22 MAY 1751

Parrett, Frederick

FP347

 

347

SEP 1751

20 MAR 1753

10 JUN 1767

Pugh, Joseph

JP850

Leonard Baldis

850

warrant issued
to L. Baldis
28 APR 1761

9 DEC 1761

3 NOV 1777

Reedy, John Bernard
(this tract was part of 302
acres surveyed for
Jacob Miller - see his
entry)

JBR143

 

143

NW

1 OCT 1772

4 APR 1777

Rife, Jacob

JR300

Mathias Gabbord/
Gabbbert

300

17 FEB 1752

25 APR 1752

11 SEP 1766

Roller, Martin
(a major portion of this tract
was previously granted to
Joseph Funk - 205 acres -
12 JUN 1751)

RM210

 

210

18 DEC 1771

21 DEC 1771

9 MAY 1776

Selser, John Lewis

JLS528

Benjamin Lehman,
John Baughman

528

NW

21 NOV 1751

2 SEP 1766

Slotzer, Conrod

CS400

Henry Black

400

4 JUN 1762

4 JUN 1763

19 OCT 1768

Smith, Daniel

DS230

 

230

NW

16 DEC 1751

19 MAR 1761

Spengler, Peter

PS430

John Stonebridge

430

NW

13 APR 1755

24 JUN 1771

Stoner, Wolrick
(this tract later granted to
Henry Snarr, who married
Anna, former wife of W. Stoner
- grant date: 23 JUL 1787)

WS183

 

183

NW

25 APR 1750

9 JAN 1752

Stover, Jacob

JaS425

 

425

NW

16 MAY 1751

29 MAY 1761

Strickler, Jacob

JSt98

John Barnat Ready/
Reedy

98

5 AUG 1766

12 FEB 1767

11 MAR 1775

Summer, George

GS442

John B. Reidy/Reedy,
Samuel Dyer

442

17 FEB 1752

13 MAY 1752

12 AUG 1766

Summers, Michael

MS278

Henry Summerwalt

278

10 FEB 1762

2 JUN 1762

4 JUN 1767

Tackitt, Mary & Lewis

MLT192

 

192

11 FEB 1761

12 DEC 1761

2 JUL 1762

Tartinger, Adam
(Dartinger/Derting)

AT305

 

305

29 JUL 1768

16 AUG 1768

26 NOV 1771

Tartinger, Philip
(Dartinger/Derting)

PT35

 

35

16 OCT 1789

Vendall, Philip (Wendal)

PV220

Christopher Vendall

220

17 FEB 1751

25 APR 1752

27 MAY 1762

Wandall, Augustine

WA250

 

250

NW

24 APR 1750

23 JUL 1750

Wandell, Christopher

CW400

 

400

NW

25 APR 1750

23 JUL 1750

Wandell, Valentine

VW200

 

200

NW

24 APR 1750

23 JUL 1750

Weaver, George

GW320

 

320

warrant issued
to John Carryer
10 FEB 1762

24 JUN 1763

20 MAY 1766

Weaver, Philip

PW39

 

39

 

 

24 AUG 1789

Weddle, John
(heir of Daniel Weddle)

JW296

 

296

warrant issued
to Peter Weddle
10 FEB 1762

20 JUN 1763

5 NOV 1771

Weesman, Philip

PWs240

 

240

NW

24 NOV 1751

13 AUG 1766

Wilkey, George & Godfry

GWi400

 

400

 

 

11 SEP 1756

Witsell, Nicholas

NW304

Adam Fox

304

4 APR 1753

3 DEC 1753

14 AUG 1766

Woolford, Frederick

FW93

John Gleek/Clock

93

22 DEC 1764

20 DEC 1765

29 MAY 1777

Zomwald, Henry & Christopher
(forfeited by Thomas Gray)

HCZ400

 

400

18 JAN 1749/50

30 APR 1749

6 JUN 1767

NW = No Warrant

In Assignee column, if there was more than one, the names are separated by commas (e.g. Benjamin Lehman, John Baughman should be understood as: John Lewis Selser was the assignee of Benjamin Lehman, who was the assignee of John Baughman)

Most Assignee Names, Warrant Dates and Survey Dates were obtained from Peggy Shomo Joyner's books "Abstracts of Virginia's Northern Neck Warrants & Surveys." A few were obtained from Cecil O'Dell's book "Pioneers of Old Frederick County Virginia."

Grantee Names and Grant Dates were obtained from the original grants (digital images available online at the Library of Virginia). The names are spelled as they are in the grants. As is commonly known, the spellings of names, especially last names, varied considerably between documents for some individuals. Thus, a single individual may be represented by a number of spelling variations. The author of these maps did not attempt to sort out individuals, but rather has presented names as they appear in the grants. In some instances, alternative spellings are supplied in parentheses.

Corner and Line Key for Surveys on McNishes Run and Toms Brook

The surveys list trees and geographical features for most corners. In addition, some information may be supplied for a line (e.g. "crossing a creek" or "running along a ridge"). A number located near a corner is a label for the nearby corner. A number near a line, but not near a corner, is a label for that line. If a line is said to cross a creek, usually the exact location of crossing is not indicated. Thus, a number label for a line should not be interpreted to mark the exact location of a described feature on the line.

One must be careful in matching corners of adjacent tracts by the tree descriptions because they can vary between surveys for the same point. The geographical descriptions may vary as well (for example, in one survey a corner may be described as "on a hill" and in another survey the same corner may be described as "on a ridge"). In any case, the descriptions of trees are of no value when attempting to apply survey lines to a modern topographical map. However, the geographical descriptions can be useful. For this reason, the geographical descriptions for corners and lines are included in the maps, marked by number labels. Use the key below to translate the numbers to descriptions. One must keep in mind that some features may change over a period of time, particularly the course of a river or creek, when running through relatively flat terrain. Thus, we must not demand that a 250-year-old survey describe all points of geographical interest at the locations that match a modern topographical map. Here I must remark, however, at the surprising accuracy of some of the surveys, which match very well with the current banks of the North Fork of the Shenandoah River in this region. Perhaps this should not be surprising due to the deep canyon that the river has cut in this region. But here I wish rather to marvel at the skill of the surveyor of the time, who really could do a good job of surveying along a river. But when we analyze surveys in rough terrain, the surveyor of the day can be seen to be limited by his equipment. It is difficult to measure the distance between two points when one is tramping up and down the hills, trying to sight with a compass through the trees. Thus, it is no wonder that surveys away from the river suffer considerably in accuracy. In attempting to apply these old surveys to the terrain, as visualized on a topographic map, I have tried my best to position the surveys near their true locations. However hard one may try, this is not possible to a high degree of accuracy, due to a lack of sufficient data. For those who need to know the exact location of a tract, these maps will fail in most cases. Nevertheless, they probably provide a relatively close approximation to the true locations in many cases. And perhaps more importantly, they provide information on the neighbors of many families.

1. south side of a hill
2. on a point
3. point of another hill
4. crossing the Great Wagon Road
5. on a knowle; on a knoll
6. near Toms Brook
7. near and on the west side of the Great Wagon Road
8. point of a hill
9. on a hillside near the River
10. on a hillside; side of a hill
11. on a ridge
12. north side of a hill
13. in a drain
14. by a gully
15. on a hill
16. on a level; on level land
17. by said branch
18. by forks of a branch
19. bank of the North River (of Shenandoah); bank of River; on the River
20. by a steep valley; near a steep valley
21. foot of a steep hill
22. side of a ridge
23. steep hillside
24. crossing a branch
25. on a high hill
26. on the River at foot of a large hill
27. crossing branch of McNishes Run; crossing McNishes Run
28. brow of a small hill
29. on a small knoll
30. rocky point near branch
31. on a large ridge
32. crossing the Great Wagon Road and McNishes Run
33. south west side of McNishes Run by the Great Wagon Road on a hillside
34. near a valley; by a valley
35. south west side of Toms Brook about 1 poles
36. about 2 poles east side county road
37. north side of a branch on a hillside
38. steep bank
39. crossing Toms Brook
40. amongst cliff rocks near River
41. crossing River by an island
42. bank of North Shannandoah at or near foot of North Mountain of Powels Fort
43. spur of the mountain
44. on a flat ridge
45. by a road
46. in a valley
47. in a great valley
48. head of a drain of Bohmans Run otherwise called McNishes
49. on the south bank of a branch
50. east side of branch of McNishes Run and south side of a ridge
51. near a very small ridge or knoll
52. top of a ridge
53. on point of a small ridge near branch of McNishes Run
54. in a small valley between a ledge of rocks and a stony knoll
55. west side of a branch of McNishes Run and side of a small ridge

56. point of a ridge or hill
57. on a very small ridge
58. crossing the River (North River of Shenandoah)
59. flat point
60. foot of a hill near a pond
61. turn of the River
62. along the side of the mountain
63. end of a point
64. side of a steep hill near the mountain
65. crossing the River twice
66. top of a hill
67. foot of a point near a pond
68. on a decent
69. head of a drain
70. small drain
71. deep drain
72. on a steep hill abutting the River
73. by a drain
74. foot of a large hill
75. spur of a ridge
76. crossing the Great Wagon Road
77. 2 poles below the mouth of a branch
78. at the Great Wagon Road
79. brink of the River at the foot os a very steep hill
80. side of a rocky ridge
81. on the rising of a steep knowl
82. on a small ridge
83. south side of Toms Brook in a small round hollow
84. point of a small ridge
85. head of a small valley near the Great Wagon Road
86. foot of a hill
87. crossing the main road
88. foot of a hill on south side of Toms Brook
89. by a deep drain
90. from the south corner of the tract, the N44E line intersects Toms Brook at 46 poles
91. from the north corner of the tract, the S44W line intersects Toms Brook at 68 poles
92. upon a cliff north west side of the River
93. on a bank near a valley or drain
94. brow of a small knoll
95. on a hillside east side of a meadow
96. crossing Lick Valley
97. mouth of a valley
98. side of a small hill
99. south side of Lick Valley on the bank of a ridge between 2 small valleys
100. north side of a steep valley
101. low ground
102. high spur of the mountain
103. west side of a steep hill
104. brow of a hill
105. edge of a small valley
106. on a small hill
107. north side of a spring on McNishes Run
108. on a large point
109. 20 poles north east of a pond
110. near the main road
111. head of a valley
112. gap of a rich hill by a road
113. small hillside near a valley
114. bank of Toms Brook