Ancestors of Isaac T. Lafaver 1801
by Jeffrey La Favre
3. Abraham Lefever (I) abt. 1728-aft. 21 JUN 1796
[Abraham Lefever (II) or Abraham Layfeevers]
Children of Abraham Lefever (II) and Catherine
In Abraham (II)'s will, signed October 2, 1807, his children are listed as follows: "...from the Eldest to youngest which ar these my well beloved sons and Daughters Abraham Layfeevors Junior Catareena Leyfevors Andrew Lafevors and Elizabeth Layfevors & Sarah Layfeevors and Jacob Layfeevors..." . David is also identified as a son and as an executor of the will, which is why he is not listed in the section where the other children are named. A transcription of the will was entered into new Will Book A in 1840. In the transcription, Abraham's children are listed from eldest to youngest as follows: Abraham Jr., Andrew, Elizabeth, Sarah, Jacob and Catarena. The revised order of children in the transcription may have been intentional, to reflect the correct order of ages. The birth year estimates given above for Sarah, Jacob and Cathrina are probably based, at least in part, on the 1840 transcription of the will. The will is not helpful in determining David's age, relative to his siblings, because he is not named in the ordered list. However, other documentation, when considered collectively, places David as one of the youngest siblings.
Washington County, Virginia
The first land owned by Abraham Lefever (II) in Virginia appears to be the 171-acre tract on the middle fork of the Holston River in Washington County.
A paper entitled The Meeks and Their Neighbors states that Abraham Lefever was the neighbor to the east of Joseph Meek, Sr.'s home:
While there is no doubt that Abraham had a tavern, there does not appear to be any documentation of his death in Washington County. We know he sold the land where his tavern was located and that a man by the same name appeared on a Personal Property Tax list in Lee County, VA, less than two years later. Lee County is near Washington County, to the west. Rather than transport his merchandise to Lee County, Abraham may have opted to hold a sale (going out of business?). This sale could have been misinterpreted as an estate sale done after his death. Further research may shed light on the alleged sale.
CLICK HERE for a detailed map of land owned by Abraham in Washington Co., VA
Records from Washington County also reveal that Abraham was in the tavern business as follows.
15 MAY 1781 Presented to Grand Jury - Jacob Hise, Abraham Leafavour, and Widow Meek for keeping Tipling Houses on information of Joseph Snodgrass. Also Abraham Leafavour and Thomas Berry Jr. on information of James Montgomery. Michael Montgomery, William Malyard, Stephen Bailey and Abraham Leafavour on information of Hugh Berry. Hugh Johnston, Abraham Leafavour and John Gaynes on information of James Kincannon. (Annals of Southwest Virginia, p. 1078 - 79)
19 JUN 1781 Court case. On motion of Abraham Leafevour leave is granted him to keep an Ordinary in his own House he giving bond and security as the law directs. (Annals of SW Virginia, p. 1083)
19 JUN 1781 Court action. Ordered that Konrad Carlock, Abraham Heiter, Konrad Hinnergar "view the way for the main road from the hill on this side of Lefevours to the branch at the town house the nighest and best way and that the Overseer open the road as the said viewers lay it off. " (Annals of SW Virginia, p. 1083 -84).
It is very likely that both Abraham (I) and (II) were living in Washington County in 1781, which makes it difficult to judge who was charged with keeping a Tipling House. The tavern may have been a father-son venture. Abraham (I) would have been familiar with this type of business because his father, John, had a tavern back in Pennsylvania. In any case, the problem was rectified quickly by the granting of a license to serve alcohol about a month after the charges were raised. The mention of the "main road from the hill on this side of Lefevours" in another court action indicates that the main road was near (or on) the Lefever property. And if we examine the survey data for the adjoining tract on the east, owned by Conrod Henneger [Conrad Henninger], we find that one point, in common to both tracts, was adjacent to the Main Road, where the modern US Highway 11 enters the Lefever tract from the east.
We have already discussed personal property tax data for the years 1782 and 1786 regarding both Abraham Sr. (I) and Abraham Jr. (II) [see Abraham Lefever (I)] . By 1788 Abraham (I) was living in Augusta County and subsequent personal property tax data for the "Upper District" of Washington County is applicable to Abraham (II) as follows [Abraham Lefever or Lefaver or Lafaver - not distinguished as Sr. or Jr.]: 1788 - 1 white county levy; 1791 - 1 white county levy; 1792 - 1 white county levy; 1793 - 1 white county levy; 1794 - 2 white county levies; 1795 - text for Upper District is too faint to read; 1796 to 1810 - no Abraham Lefever listed in Upper District. In the Lower District there is an Abraham Lefeaber listed for the years 1796 and 1797 only, one white county levy each year.11 The Abraham Lefeaber of the Lower District is Abraham Lefever (III), who we judge was the son of Abraham Lefever (II). Abraham Lefeaber of the Lower District happens to be on the same lists as Abraham Lefever (III)'s in-laws: George Brock, his father-in-law, and the Zinks, related to his mother-in-law, Catherine Zink Brock [Many references on the internet identify Catherine Zink as Abraham (III)'s wife, which is incorrect. Abraham's wife was Catherine, but her maiden name remains a mystery.].
When a young man turned 16, he became eligible for militia duty and became taxable, reported under his father's name unless he was independent. The tax data for the Lefever family appear to be problematic. We have said that Abraham (III) was born in 1772 and therefore would have turned 16 in the year 1788. Then we would expect Abraham (III) to show up under his father's name as the second levy in 1788 or 1789. Perhaps Abraham was not living with his father when he turned 16. Then we should look at Andrew, born 1774. But this does not solve the problem either. Andrew would turn 16 in 1790 and should appear on the tax list in 1790 or 1791. Then Jacob, the next oldest son, born about 1780, would not yet be 16 in 1794 (unless he was really born in 1776). Therefore, we would need to postulate that Abraham and Andrew were not living with their father in 1794 and that Jacob was born in 1776. Taken collectively, those circumstances don't seem likely. Either the birth data reported for Abraham (II)'s sons are erroneous or there is something peculiar with the personal tax data.
Abraham Lefever and Catherine, his wife, sold the 171 acre tract on the middle fork of the Holston River to John Jamison on September 15, 179526. Our story of the Lefevers in the upper district of Washington County might end with this event, except for the fact that another tract of land, not far from the 171 acre tract, was owned by Abraham (II). On July 30, 1795, the state of Virginia granted to Abraham Lafavour 88 acres on a fork of Bakers Creek, branch of Thompsons Creek, waters of the middle fork of Holstein River. One week after Abraham sold his 171 acre tract to John Jamison, he gave a power of attorney to John to sell his 88 acres27. In the power of attorney, Abraham states that he is living on the 88 acre tract. Therefore, it is likely that Abraham had moved to the 88 acre tract before the sale of the 171 acre tract was documented. John Jamison sold the 88 acre tract for Abraham in 180028.
The power of attorney indicated that Abraham had yet to receive the grant document. Apparently, Abraham was unsure of the acreage of his tract because the quantity of "100 acres more or less" was given in the power of attorney. These facts suggest that the sale was pending, awaiting arrival of the grant document from Richmond. The buyer, Mr. Leach, may have agreed to pay a certain amount per acre and was awaiting word of the exact amount of land in the tract. Perhaps he did not have sufficient funds at the time and delivered a partial payment to Abraham.
Lee County Virginia
Abraham was clearly preparing to leave Washington County in the fall of 1795. Whatever the details may have been in the transaction, he was not willing to stay in the county until the sale of his last tract of land was completed. In Lee County, Virginia, there was an Abraham Lefavers on the 1797 Personal Property Tax list. As further evidence will indicate, this was Abraham Lefever (II). His name does not appear on the lists for Lee County in 1795 - 1796 and 1798 - 1802. The tax lists were recorded in the spring of each year and therefore, Abraham arrived in Lee County sometime between fall 1795 and spring 1797. Abraham was listed with two taxable individuals (probably a son was the second taxable). Abraham (III) was married in 1795 and was listed in Washington County in 1796 and 1797. Therefore, he would not be in Lee County to be listed in 1797. Jacob L., born about 1780, would turn 16 about 1796, making him fit as the second taxable.
During this period of time Abraham Lefever (II) was on the move. He lived briefly in Lee County, VA, Hawkins County, TN and Cocke County, TN. Sometime during the first year of the 19th century, Abraham found his way to Green [later Wayne] County, Kentucky, his last place of residence. His trip there from Tennessee likely included passage through the Cumberland Gap, made famous by Daniel Boone. Perhaps the Lefevers traveled down the Cumberland River to their new home. The reasons for Abraham's migratory movements may never be known, but let us continue on with his story.
Hawkins County Tennessee
While living in Lee County, Abraham purchased some land just across the border in Hawkins [now Hancock] County, Tennessee. This was bottom land on a scenic stretch of the Clinch River. His tract of 100 acres was bounded on the west by the Clinch River with the south west corner near the mouth of Wallings Mill Creek. Abraham bought the land on March 28, 1798 from John Young29. The deed was witnessed by his son, Andrew, and Robert Royle. Abraham sold this tract less than 2 years later on December 10, 1799 to Henry Knase30. The deed of sale indicated that Abraham was living at the time in Cocke County, Tennessee.
Just two miles upstream on the Clinch, where the north fork empties into the main river, George Brock, Abraham Lefever (III)'s father-in-law, purchased two tracts of land on August 2, 1797. The witnesses to the deed of purchase were Abraham Lepeor [Abraham Lefever] and Reuben Ard [Reuben Ard who married Abraham Lefever (III)'s sister Elizabeth]31. George sold one of the tracts on September 6, 180532. During the period of 1797 to 1805, George was living in Washington County, VA, as documented by his presence on personal property tax lists. Abraham (III) was on the Washington County, VA personal tax lists for 1796 and 1797, but not thereafter. Considering these facts together, a likely scenario would have Abraham living on his father-in-law's land on the North Fork of the Clinch River starting sometime in 1797. His presence there may have influenced his father's purchase of land just 2 miles down stream on the Clinch. Perhaps Abraham's brother-in-law, Reuben Ard, also lived on George's land for a short time. However, Reuben obtained a certificate of settlement in February of 1800, in what would soon become Wayne County, Kentucky. Thus, he was living in Kentucky before 1800. Reuben was on the tax list for Wayne County, Kentucky in 180154.
Why did Abraham Lefever (II) move on to Cocke County after living on the Clinch River less than two years? He may have been lured to the Clinch due to his son's presence there. Here was a chance to keep the larger family together. But the topography of the area surrounding the Clinch was mostly steep terrain. There may not have been enough land there for Abraham (II)'s younger children, who were soon to start families of their own. Perhaps he moved on to Cocke County in search of a more suitable area. But he was not satisfied with what he found in Cocke County. Soon thereafter he made his way to Kentucky.
CLICK HERE for a map of the Lefever and Brock tracts in Hawkins County
Wayne County Kentucky
When the Lefevers arrived in Kentucky, sometime between January and June 1800, they settled on the north bank of the Cumberland River, just inside the southern border of Green County. Two years later, their land was incorporated into the new county of Adair. In 1804, part of Adair County, along the Cumberland River, was transferred to Wayne County. These transfers explain why the earliest Lefever records in Kentucky are found in Green and Adair Counties.
On June 16, 1801, Jacob Leafever obtained a certificate of settlement for 105 acres from Green County, KY (Green County Court Order Book 3, 1800 1804, page 38). Jacob's father, Abraham Lefever (II), paid tax on this land in 1802. Jacob assigned this land to his brother, David, in 1807. David obtained a grant from Kentucky for this land in 1811 under the patent series South of Green River. Under this series, settlers could obtain a certificate from the county after a one year residence period (other requirements had to be met as well). Thus, Jacob must have arrived no later than June 1800 in order to obtain a certificate in June of 1801. We assume that Jacob traveled to Kentucky with his father and other family members. However, his brother, Abraham (III), arrived later, between 1804 and 1806.
On August 9, 1802, Abraham (II) appeared on the tax list for Adair County, Kentucky, owning 100 acres on the Cumberland River. He was listed with one white male over 21 years of age and one white male between 16 and 21 years of age (his son David or Jacob?). Also on the tax list with the same date was Andrew Lefever, who did not own land and was listed with one white male over 21 years of age and no white males between 16 and 21 years of age. Jacob obtained a certificate for land on the Cumberland River, October 25, 180247. Jacob Ard obtained a certificate for 200 acres on Cub Creek, a tributary of the Cumberland River, on the same date48. Then Abraham Leefevers (II) obtained a certificate for 150 acres on the waters of Cumberland River, July 4, 180349. As we shall see later, Abraham (II)'s sons acquired additional land on the Cumberland River.
CLICK HERE for a map of some Lefever and Ard tracts in Wayne County
On November 4, 1805, Abraham Lefever of Wayne County granted Power of Attorney to his "trusty friend" William Armstrong of Hawkins County, Tennessee, to collect from John Hannah of Hawkins Co., TN, money due said Lefevers by said Hanna's note for $50.0034. We can't be sure if this was Abraham (II) or Abraham (III), because Abraham (III) may have been in Wayne County in 1805.
In George N. Lefevre's genealogical chart of the Lefever family8, Abraham's arrival in Wayne County is dated 1806. However, the chart lists only one Abraham living in Wayne County, who died in Morgan County, Indiana. There are no source citations in the chart, leaving the informed reader to wonder if the 1806 date is the arrival of Abraham (II) or (III). We have seen evidence already that Abraham (II) arrived in Kentucky before August, 1802. An arrival year of 1806 would be reasonable for Abraham (III). In 1805 George Brock sold one tract in Tennessee where we judge Abraham (III) may have lived. The tax lists for Wayne County contain the names Abraham Lefever Sr. and Abraham Lefever Jr in 1806, establishing that the younger Abraham had arrived by 1806 (there is only one Abraham Lefever listed in 1804 on the tax list and the microfilm copy of the tax list for 1805 is too faint to read - thus we place Abraham (III)'s arrival in Wayne County between 1804 and 1806).
In Wayne County the will of Abraham Layfeevers was probated on January 18, 1808. In the court records related to the probate, his name is given as Abraham Lefever. In the will Abraham listed his children from oldest to youngest, with Abraham [III] being the oldest. In addition, Abraham's wife was identified variously as Catarunah, Cattaruna, Catareena and Catarena, but she is named as Catherine in a court record related to probate of the will.
Below is the will of Abraham Layfeevers of Wayne Co., Kentucky, recorded in [old] Will Book B, p. 39 -40.
Transcribed by Jeffrey La Favre, July, 2009
In the name of god Amen. I, Abraham Layfeevers, of the County of Wayne
and the State of Kentucky, being very sick and weak in; or; in perfect
health of body but; or; and of perfect mind and memory thanks be given
unto god calling unto mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it
appointed for all men once to die do make and ordain this my last will
and testament that is to say principaly and first of all I give and recomend
my soul into the hands of god that gave it and my body I recomend into
the Earth to be buried in a decent Christian Burial at the discretion
of my Executars nothing doubting but at the general Reserection that I
shall received the same again by the mighty power of god and as touching
such worldy Estate wher with it has pleased god to bless me with in this
life I give demise and dispose of the same in the following maner and
Signed, sealed, published and pronounced and declard by the sad [said] Abraham Layfeevors seal [note that the signature runs into the seal and it is difficult to read the last few letters of the surname]
as his last will and testament in the presants of us who in his presants and in the presants of Each Other have hereunto subscribed our names Thomas Willson, Stephn Sayer, William Catten
The will was copied to [new] Will Book A, p. 4-5, in 1840, which includes the text below after the transcription.
Common Wealth of Kentucky, Wayne County Court Set I William Simpson Clerk of the County Court for the county afore said do certify that the foregoing last will and testament of Abraham Layfevers deeds (which appear from the records of the Wayne Court by the oath of Thomas Wilson and Stephen Sayers subscribing witness there to) has been duly recorded in my office agreeably to an order of said county court made pursuant to an act entiteled, an act to authorize certain records of this Wayne County Court to be transcribed.
Given under my hand this 9th day of June 1840.
William Simpson, Clerk
[In the transcribed will of 1840, Abraham's child, Catarana, is listed last, which would indicate she was the youngest child in the ordered list - the list does not include son David, an executor of the will. The original will places Catarana second in the list of descending age. Perhaps this was an error, corrected in the transcribed will?]
Wayne County Court Record Book A, p. 124. January Court, at Monticello on Monday, January 18, 1808.
The last will and testament of Abraham Lefevers was produced in court and proved by oath of Thomas Wilson and Stephen Sayers, two of the witnesses thereto subscribed, and ordered of record.
On motion of David Lefever, one of the executors therein named, who made oath and entered into and acknowledged bond with Jacob Lefever and Abraham Lefever his security for the faithful administration of said decedent's estate and performance of his in the sum of $500.00 penalty as the law directs, probate was granted.
Page 127, February 15, 1808: On motion of Catherine Lefever, widow and relict of Abraham Lefever, who made oath with Thomas Wilson as security entered into bond, penalty $500 as law directs, and leave is granted her to join with other executor in the probate.
Wayne County, KY, Inventories and Appraisement Book A, p. 71 - 72
Inventory of the estate of Abraham Lefevers decd squable to an order of court we met on the 4th day of February to praise the estate of Abraham Lefevers decd and praised as follows to wit
Signed: Cornelius Phillips, John Scott, Thomas Wilson
[At the top of page 71 there is a short entry not related to Abraham's estate and it is headed "Wayne County May Court 1807." Then on page 72, following the signatures of the appraisers of Abraham's estate, there is an inventory for another estate, dated 9 APR 1821. Thus, it is not possible to assign a year to the appraisal of Abraham's estate.]
One item of particular interest in the inventory is the two potter's spindles. Abraham's son, Andrew, moved to White County, Tennessee, about 1825. He established a well-known pottery business there that lasted many years. The inventory indicates that Abraham was also a potter, at least on a part-time basis. He undoubtedly passed on the craft to Andrew. Pottery manufacture was also known in Washington County, Virginia during the time Abraham Lefever (II) lived in the county. Was he making pottery then and selling it at his trading post?
The tax lists of Adair and Wayne Counties are invaluable in tracking the land owned by the families and their presence in the area. There are no lists for the years 1818, 1831 and 1832 and the lists for 1805, 1807 and 1812 are difficult if not impossible to read. Details for the remaining years are listed below.
Abraham Lefever (II) appeared on the Adair County Tax Lists for 1802 and , then on the Wayne County Tax Lists in 1804 and 1806. He was not found on the county lists starting in 1808, consistent with his death at that time.
Abraham Lefever (III) appeared on the Wayne County Tax Lists from 1806 to 1817. In the years 1811 and 1817 he was listed without any land. Shortly after Abraham (III) arrived in Wayne County, he was living on 150 acres, probably the tract that his father obtained by certificate in 1803, on the north side of the Cumberland River (as of this writing I have not located this tract). Between 1808 and 1810 Abraham (III) lived on a 190/191 acre tract which may have been a short distance north of Monticello. Then Abraham (III) purchased a 200 acre tract on the south bank of the Cumberland River, just upstream from the mouth of Cub Creek, where he lived from 1813 to 1817. Abraham (III) moved to Washington County, Indiana in 1817, in order to be closer to his in-laws, George Brock and the Zinks.
Andrew Lefever appeared on the Adair County Tax Lists for 1802 and 1803, then on the Wayne County Tax Lists from 1806 to 1825. He was listed owning land only in 1803 and 1814, land that was entered by his mother-in-law, Susanah McHenry, in 1801. McHenry's tract may have been near David Lefever's 105 acre tract, but that has not been proved yet. I suspect that Andrew lived most of his time in Wayne County on the 105 acre tract of his brother, David. This tract may have had clay deposits suitable for pottery manufacture. Andrew became a famous potter in Tennessee and it is likely he was making pottery in Wayne County as well. This may explain why he was usually listed without any land (i.e., farming was a secondary occupation for him). Andrew moved to White County, Tennessee about 1825.
Jacob Lefever appeared on the Wayne County Tax Lists from 1804 to 1841. He was listed without land in 1804, 1806, 1815, 1817, 1820, 1823, 1826, 1829, 1840 and 1841. He was not found on the Wayne County Tax Lists for 1819, 1821, 1822, 1825, 1828, 1830, and 1834. Jacob's lands were probably spread out more across the region than any other Lefever. He obtained a certificate for 105 acres in 1801, the tract he later signed over to his brother David. He obtained a certificate in 1802 from Adair County for 250 acres, which would have been north of the Cumberland River (I have not located this tract). During the period 1810 to 1814, Jacob is listed with land on Goose Creek, Adair County. However, his entry is on the Wayne County Tax List, which should indicate that he was residing in Wayne County (probably on a brother's land). Then for a brief period, in 1816, he lived on a 100 acre tract, close to his brother, Abraham III, on the south bank of the Cumberland River. Starting in 1824, Jacob had land on Beaver Creek on the tax list for Wayne County, land which appears for the last time in 1839. I don't know if Jacob lived out his life in Wayne County. There is a Jacob Lafever on the US Census for 1850 in Scott County, Tennessee, age 65 years old.
David Lefever appeared on the Wayne County Tax Lists from 1804 to 1843. He was listed without land in 1804 and 1843. He is not found on the Wayne County Tax Lists for 1806, 1808 and 1826. David died in Wayne County in 1844. His wife, Rebecca, is on the Wayne County Tax List for 1844. David owned three adjacent tracts, one containing 105 acres entered by his brother, Jacob (certificate 1801 - Green County, KY). This land was on the north bank of the Cumberland River, across from the mouth of Fall Creek. David was perhaps the only son of Abraham (II) who remained in Wayne County after traveling there with his father in 1800.
Reuben Ard (husband of Elizabeth Lefever) appeared on the Wayne County Tax Lists from 1801 to 1841. He was listed without land in 1801, 1840 and 1841. He was not found on the Wayne County Tax Lists for 1806, 1828 and 1836. Reuben's land in the tax lists is perhaps the most difficult to follow. He owned a 150 acre tract near Fall Creek and was granted a certificate for this land in February of 1800. In order to obtain this certificate of settlement, he must have been on this land no later than the year 1799 (unless he purchased the certificate from someone else). Therefore, he may have arrived in Kentucky before the Lefevers, at least before Abraham (II), who was in Cocke County, Tennessee in December of 1799. Reuben also purchased a 180 acre tract not far north of his 150 acre grant and also a 100 acre tract across the river from the 180 acre tract. Reuben also owned a 200 acre tract for a brief time with his brother Jacob, located northwest of Reuben's 100 acre tract. Reuben moved to Missouri about 1841.
Jacob Ard (brother of Reuben) appeared on the Adair County Tax List in 1802 and the Wayne County Tax Lists from 1804 to 1820. He was listed without land in 1817 and 1820. He was not found on the Adair County Tax List for 1803 or the Wayne County Tax List for 1809. He was listed with his mother's (Susanah McHenry) 95 acres, or a portion of it, in the years 1804, 1806, 1811, 1813, and 1815. Jacob obtained a certificate from Adair County in 1802 for 200 acres on Cub Creek. He is listed with that tract in 1804 and 1810, Wayne County Tax Lists. Jacob apparently left Wayne County about 1820 but I don't know his destination.
John Ard (brother of Reuben) appeared on the Wayne County Tax Lists between 1802 and 1822. He was never listed owning land. He was not found on the Wayne County Tax Lists for 1804, 1817 and 1823. John apparently left Wayne County about 1822 but I don't know his destination.
James McHenry (stepbrother of Reuben Ard) appeared on the Wayne County Tax Lists between 1801 and 1838 (his name may appear in subsequent years, which remains to be checked). James was granted 322 acres by the state on the Cumberland River in the vicinity of the mouth of Fall Creek, across the river from David Lefever. James had additional properties, including 180 acres, part of the 1521 acre military survey done for Thomas Matthews. The 180 acre tract was near the 322 acre tract. Two of James McHenry's sons, William and John, owned land near their father.
CLICK HERE for detailed land and tax data for Lefever, Ard and McHenry in Adair and Wayne Counties
Below you will find additional details about selected Lefever properties.
Jacob Lefevers bought 100 acres of land in Wayne County on the Cumberland River for $500 on November 18, 181535. The property included or was near a "disputed" salt peter cave. Charles Dibulls [Dibrell] owned an adjacent tract of land. Jacob purchased the tract from the executors of Edmond Singleton, deceased, and witnesses to the deed were William Walker and James White. Jacob and Sally, his wife, sold the land a year later, September 30, 1816 to Micajah Philip for $50036. Witnesses to the deed of sale were Cornelius Philips and Alfred Philips.
This land was part of a military survey of 1521 acres awarded to Thomas Mathews for his service as a Lt. Col. in the Virginia State line during the Revolutionary War. All or most of the large tract was purchased by Edmond Singleton. Singleton and his heirs divided the survey into a number of smaller tracts, as documented in Wayne County Deed Book B. The following individuals purchased tracts from Singleton and his heirs: James McHenry (stepbrother of the Ard brothers), Jacob Lefever, James Crooks, Aaron Turpin, Reuben Ard, Joel Bond, Isaac Sinclair, James White and Abram [Abraham] Lefever.
The northern end of 1521 acre survey was located across the river from the mouth of Cub Creek. Part of this land is now underwater, due to construction of the Wolf Creek Dam in the 1950's. The land is included on the USGS map Mill Springs, KY (7.5 minute series) and is labeled "Cumberland Ridge." Jacob's tract was located on the east side of the military survey, where the Cumberland River used to make a very sharp turn, just down stream from Conley Bottom.
Abram Lefevers (III) bought 200 acres of land in Wayne County on the Cumberland River, the south side, for $770 [or $720] on March 6, 181337. This tract was near the above tract, owned briefly by Abraham's brother, Jacob. The land was also part of the 1521 acre Military Survey done for Thomas Matthews. Abraham purchased the land from Edmond Singleton and witnesses to the deed were John L. Dibull and Martin Tarpen. Abraham and his wife, Mary, sold the land 4 years later, March 7, 1817 to Thomas Simpson for $1,30038. There were no witnesses listed on the deed of sale.
The east and north borders of this tract were the bank of the Cumberland River and the northwest corner of the tract was not far upstream from the mouth of Cub Creek (on the other side of the river).
David Layfeevers sold to his mother, Catharina Layfeevers, 30 acres of land in Wayne County on the Cumberland River39. Adjacent tract owners were Thomas Wilson and Benjamin Golston and the deed witnesses were Abraham Layfevers, John Hick, and Thomas Wilson. This land was most likely part of Abraham Lefever (II)'s land, which was in control of his son David, as executor of the will.
David Lefever obtained a patent from the Commonwealth of Kentucky on January 4, 1811 for 105 acres in Wayne County on the north side of Cumberland River as is referenced in a deed of sale for the land on October 21, 184242, 43. Then on October 28, 1818, David purchased 20 1/2 acres of land in Wayne County on the north side of the Cumberland River, adjacent to his 105 acre tract. This land was purchased from Thomas Wilson, who also owned an adjacent tract40. David acquired a third tract of land on October 24, 1826, 100 acres in Wayne County on the north side of the Cumberland River, part of a 400 acre survey done for the heirs of Thomas Cameal, who sold the land to John L. Dibrell41. David purchased the land from Dibrell. This tract was adjacent to both of David's other tracts listed above. Then on October 21, 1842, David and his wife Rebecca sold the 105 acre, 100 acre and 20 1/2 acre tracts to Solomon E. Tuttle42.
Jacob Lefever bought 50 acres of land in Wayne County on Beaver Creek for $100 on November 5, 183144. Adjacent tract owners were John Stephens, Hly? Daffron? and Wilson. Jacob sold this land on October 19, 1838 for $100. An adjacent tract owner was Boon45.
For a detailed treatment of Lefever and Ard properties in Wayne County, CLICK HERE
Family of Andrew Wesley Lefever, son of Abraham Lefever (II) - sources: Internet and US Census data
Andrew Wesley Lefever
Children of Andrew and Nancy (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dpenix/pennock/PS06/PS06_084.HTM)
Andrew's entry for the 1810 US Census, Wayne Co., KY lists 5 boys and 2 girls. Apparently, the infant who was born in 1809 was a boy. Andrew's entry for the 1820 US Census, Wayne Co., KY lists 4 boys and 2 girls. The Wayne County, KY tax list for 1819 contains a listing for Zachariah and the 1823 list contains a listing for Eli (an exhaustive search of the tax lists for Andrew's sons was not conducted).
The US Census data reveal that Andrew and most of his children were living in White County, Tennessee in 1830 as follows: Andrew [Sr.] and in his household a male 10 - 15 [James] and a male 15 - 20 [Andrew Jr.]; Asher [7 lines below his father on the same page]; Zachariah [2 pages after his father]; Eli [next line below Zach.]; John [2 lines below Eli]. The 1830 Census for White County also lists a John Dun with a female age 20 - 30 [Catherine Lefever Dunn]. Thus, all children of Andrew Sr. are listed in White County in 1830 except William and America [William is not on any US census in White County]. The 1830 US Census does not list occupations or industry of occupation, but we assume many in the family were engaged in the pottery manufacturing business.
The US Census data for White County in 1840 contain the following heads of households: Andrew, Andrew Jr., Asher and James, all employed in manufacturing [pottery]. Zachariah is on the 1840 US Census in DeKalb County, TN, working in agriculture. Allen Dunn is on the White County list in 1840 with a female age 30 - 40 [Catherine Lefever Dunn] and two individuals working in agriculture and one in manufacturing [pottery].
Data for each household expanded beginning with the 1850 US Census. In White County, TN, the 1850 Census lists: Andrew Lafever, age 36, potter, born in KY; Asher Lafevers, age 38, potter, born in KY; Thomas Lafevers, age 20, potter, born in TN [he is next line down from Asher so possibly Thomas is Asher's son]; James Lafevers, age 35, potter, born in KY and James' son George, age 16, potter. In 1850 we find Eli Lufever in Dekalb County, TN, age 47, a farmer, born in KY. And Zachariah Lefevers is found in Wayne County, KY, age 52, a farmer, born in KY. Thus, we find that the fourth generation of Lefevers, 2 of Andrew Sr.'s grandsons, are working as potters in 1850. Catherine's husband, Allen Dunn, is also found on the 1850 census in White County, listed as a potter.
Ten years later, in 1860, the White County census lists Asher Lafever, age 64 [an error], Thomas Lafever, age 30, James Lafever [Sofever] age 43, all working as potters. Catherine Dunn and three of her children are listed living in the household of Elizabeth Elmore. In 1870, the list for White County contains the names James Lafaver, age 56 and son James, age 17; and in Putnam County, TN, Asher Lafever, age 59; Thomas Lafever age 39; Catherine Dunn age 63; and in DeKalb County, TN, Zachariah Lafever, age 73. All men listed here for 1870 were listed as potters.
In the 1880 US Census, for the last time, we find Lefevers in Putnam County, Tennessee, engaged in pottery manufacture: Thomas Lafever, age 49 and his son, James H. Lafever, age 26, in separate listings, both potters. Unfortunately, the 1890 US Census was destroyed by fire. A search of the listings in 1900 for White and Putnam Counties did not reveal any Lafevers engaged in the manufacture of pottery. We do not know when Abraham Lefever (II) started manufacturing pottery but it is clear that the tradition was handed down to include at least five generations of the Lefever family and may have covered a time period of nearly 100 years, perhaps more.
Family of David Lefever, son of Abraham Lefever (II)
Children of David and Rebecca
In Wayne County, KY we find David listed on the 1820 US Census with one boy and one girl, both under the age of 10. In the same county, David's listing for the 1840 US Census contains 2 girls age 15 to 19, 2 girls age 10 to 14 and one girl age 5 to 9.
On the Wayne County, KY tax list for 1843, we find David Lefever listed for the last time. The next year, 1844, his wife, Rebecca, is on the tax list as is his daughter Amanda and his son John. Rebecca and probably all of her children moved in 1844 to Buffalo Township, Morgan County, Missouri. Harriet was married in November of that year in Morgan County. We find Rebecca, age 56, and her youngest daughter, Julia, living in the home of her son-in-law, Commodore Perry (C P) Couts in 1850 (US Census Buffalo Twp., Morgan Co., MO).
Birth years for David's children are estimated from age data in the US Census for 1850, Buffalo Twp., Morgan Co., Missouri: John age 33, Amanda age 31, Angeline age 29, Telitha age 27, Julia age 23 (note that these ages do not exactly fit data for David's family in the 1820 census). An 1850 census entry for the family of Ewing Tucker could not be located. However, in Wayne County, KY, the tax listing of David Lefever in 1842 includes 2 children between the ages of 7 and 17, while in 1843, only one child ages 7 to 17. Therefore, it appears that Harriet turned 18 in 1843 (born about 1825). Marriage data for Amanda, Angeline, Harriet and Julia Ann were obtained from Morgan County Missouri marriages 1820 - 1909 (http://files.usgwarchives.net/mo/morgan/vitals/marriages/lmc1820-09.txt)
Rebecca's decision to move to Missouri was undoubtedly influenced by the fact that her in-laws, the Ards, had recently moved to Buffalo Township. We find the son of Reuben Ard and Elizabeth Lefever Ard, David Ard, on the US Census in 1840, Buffalo Twp., Morgan Co., MO. Reuben Ard is found for the last time on the tax lists in Wayne County, KY in 1841, which appears to be the year he moved to Missouri. Elizabeth is said to have died in Morgan County 31 AUG 1842. Reuben died in the same county on 14 JAN 1845.
Family of Jacob Lefever, son of Abraham Lefever (II)
Jacob Loudon Lefever
Children of Jacob and Sarah
Efforts to discover the names of Jacob's children have to date yielded one daughter and possibly one son (if you have additional names, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org). Sally must have been the oldest child. The bond for her marriage to Washington Hicks was signed by her father, Jacob Lefever. Sally's husband, George W. Hicks, appears on the US Census for Morgan County, Indiana in 1840 and in the same county in 1850 as Washington Hicks. In the 1850 census, Washington is listed as age 54, born in Kentucky and Sally is listed as age 48, born in Kentucky. They have a daughter, Mencca, age 16, born in Indiana.
Gillan [Gilliam] Lefever appears on the Wayne County, KY tax lists in the years 1833 through 1835, listed without land all three years. Checking the lists of sons for Jacob Lefever's three brothers, we do not find the name Gilliam. Therefore, by the process of elimination, it is suggested that Gilliam was a son of Jacob. There is a Gilliam Lafevers listed on the 1840 US Census for Lawrence County, Alabama. He is listed in the same county in 1850 with the following data: Gillam Lafever, age 40, born in KY; Jarwsha, age 22, born in Alabama [apparently a second wife]; Margaret, age 16, born in KY; William, age 14, born in Alabama; Mary, age 12, born in Alabama; John, age 8, born in Alabama. From this we can conclude that Gillam Lafever moved from Kentucky to Alabama about 1834 to 1836, which matches with Gillan Lefever on the tax lists in Wayne County, KY for the last time in 1835.
How many children did Jacob and Sarah have? An answer, at least partially, can be gleaned from the US Census data in 1810 and 1830 from Wayne County, Ky. These are the only years that Jacob appears on the census in the county. In 1810 Jacob is listed with one boy under 10 years of age, one boy 10 to 15 years of age, two men 16 to 25 years old, two girls under 10 years of age, two girls age 10 to 15, one women age 16 to 25. Clearly, some of the individuals listed could not be the children of Jacob and Sarah because they were married only six years prior to the 1810 census. A better estimate of the number of children can be derived from the 1820 census: one boy under age 5, two boys age 5 - 9, one boy age 10 - 14, one boy age 15 - 19, two girls under age 5, one girl age 5 - 9, one girl age 10 - 14, two girls age 15 - 19. Assuming all of the children on the 1830 census were sons and daughters of Jacob, he would have had 5 sons and 6 daughters. But we must not forget children that were born in the period 1804 - 1810, which may have become independent in 1830. Sally was already married in 1830 and would not be on Jacob's list. Gilliam may or may not have been on Jacob's list. Since Jacob had two girls under 10 living with him in 1810, then the second daughter was probably too old to fit in the 15 - 19 year old category in 1830. Thus, it seems that Jacob may have had 8 daughters and 5 or 6 sons. But we must remember that names of children were not listed until 1850 on the US Census, so there remains the possibility that some of the children living with Jacob were not his own.
Family of Reuben Ard, son-in-law of Abraham Lefever (II)
Children of Reuben and Elizabeth
The will of Reuben Ard [Sr.] is recorded in Morgan Co., MO Will Book A, page 81, dated 9 JUL 1844. The will names his children as Abram, James M., Talitha, David, Charles and Reuben. Reuben Ard [Sr.] is found for the last time on the tax lists in Wayne County, KY, in 1841, which appears to be the year he moved to Missouri.
Reuben's sons, Abraham, James McHenry and Reuben Jr. remained in Kentucky, where we find them on the US Census as follows: 1850 Pulaski Co., KY, Abraham and Lydia Ard, ages 50 and 33; 1850 Wayne Co., KY, James M. and Diana Ard, ages 45 and 39; 1860 Pulaski Co., KY, Reuben and Mary Ard, ages 44 and 34 [note: 1870 census lists Mary's age as 48, which is more reasonable].
Reuben's son, David Ard, and his son-in-law, Jacob Clyne [Cline], are on the US Census in 1840, Buffalo Twp., Morgan Co., MO, which indicates that they probably moved to Missouri before Reuben Sr. Charles Ard is found on the Morgan Co., MO US Census in 1860, but not in 1840 or 1850. In addition, Charles is not found on the US Census in Kentucky for 1840 and 1850. It seems likely that Charles moved to Missouri about the same time as his father.
1810 US Census Wayne Co. KY
Abram Lipevar (son of Abraham II) - Abraham moved to Washington Co.,
IN in 1817
1820 US Census Wayne Co. KY
1830 US Census Wayne Co. KY
1840 US Census Wayne Co. KY
5. Abraham Lefever (III) 1772-1838 (Isaac T. Lafaver's father)
last updated December 17, 2010